Aviation Giants – Airbus
In the early 70’s widebody airplanes like Boeing 747, Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 “Tristar” had been a synonym of convenience and huge ability. After ten years of american hegemony in the sky, a fresh rival appeared regarding horizont together with battle took fire on new territories. He exceeded the rivalry between Boeing and McDonnell Douglas simply to burst into a duel between West European countries while the American. The new airplane-manufactoring giant, which slowly ended up being gathering strenght up against the american domination available, had been a youngster of the joint-venture between France, Germany, the UK and Spain. The collating for the biggest european countries had not been accidental, because earlier in the day every one of them alone has suffered a reverse in try to overcome the leaders throughout the ocean – the frenchmen due to their “Mercury” and “Caravelle”, the English along with their “Trident”. The good news is, at first of the21th century, Airbus is the better attempting to sell airplane-manufactoring company in the field, lefting behind the archirival Boeing.
Airbus Industries was established in december 1970 by four consortiums: Aerospatiale – France (37.9%), Daimler-Benz Aerospace – Germany (37.9percent), British Aerospace – UK (20percent) and Casa – Spain (4.2per cent).
Airbus A 300-600 ST Beluga
The freighter made his very first trip in 1994. Their assigment would be to transfer different elements of the Airbus airplanes (as an example – wings, body, motors) through the manufacturer to your Airbus works in Toulouse, France. Because of his specific forms, Beluga is called “the traveling whale”.
Range: 1 665-5 700km
Airbus A 300
Airbus A 300 may be the very first widebody airplane with two machines, assigned to transport passangers between the
european money metropolitan areas. The plane can hold 250 individuals in two-class and 336 in one-class configuration. The initial trip has been made regarding 28th of october 1972. Since that time 250 airplanes has been doing five versions – B1, B2, B4-200, C4/F4, 600 and 600ER.
Range: 6 968km
The next design is assigned to fly on long-range spots. Initial trip happens to be made regarding the 3rd of april 1982. The new airplane features smaller fuselage than A 300 and will carry less passangers. There are four variations of the plane – 200, 200C, 200F, and 300.
Number: 9 175km
Airbus A318 is the littlest Airbus available on the market. He belongs to the A320 household. The plane can hold 100 passangers. Due to the newest motors and technologies, A318 is the most rantabile airplane at present. They can take on regional aircrafts like Embraer and Bombardier.
Range: 4 500km
The exploatation for the A-319 begins in-may 1996 because the jet flies for first time within the colours of Swissair.
The design is a shortened version of A-320 plus two-class configuration can carry 126 passangers. Along with his range and capability, A-319 can participate the dutch Fokker 100.
Number: 4 500km
Regarding atmosphere event in Le Bourget regarding the 6th of june 1981, Airbus provides his latest task – the A-320.
Constructed on the newest airspace technologies, A-320 is beneficial, efficient and simple for exploatation and maintance, & most essential – cheaper than the others airplanes inside section. A-320 can carry 146 passengers and measures into exploatation for Air France in 1988. Over 1100 aircrafts being built since 1984.
Range: 5 551km
A-321 could be the 4th jet of this A-320 family. He is a longer version of the base model – A-320. A-321 is assigned to transport 220 passangers in two-class setup. His maximum take-off body weight is 89 000kg.
104 airplanes happen brought to the air companies.
Range: 4 907km
In november 1992 – one-year following the very first flight of A-340, will be taking off initial A-330. He could be the largest two-engine aircraft of Airbus. There’s two versions associated with the A-330 – A330-200 and A-330-300. The A-330-300 gets the exact same proportions since the A-340-300 but with two motors less in accordance with 335 passangers can travel 8900km without refueling. He could be in addition 20percent lighter compared to the A-340-300 and contains take-off body weight of
Number: 8 900km
Special attention deserves the A-340 which can be built as an answer of Boeing 777. This four-engine, long-range plane makes his first trip on the 25th of october 1991. There are four alternatives of this airplane – A-340-200, -300, -500 and -600. The differents between them are the dimensions, the ability and the range. Alltogether 286 A-340s are sent to the airlines.
Number: 13 805km
Ability: 262 (3-class config)
Range: 12 325km
Capacity:295 (3-class config)
Number: 15 355km
Capacity: 316 (3-class config)
Number: 13 960km
Capability: 375 (3-class config)
Information origin and much more: Airbus Airplanes Information
The writer – Hristo Stefanov, is a publisher in Aviation World weblog.
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