Speaking on the Spot – How to Do Impromptu

Speaking on the Spot – How to Do Impromptu

Some time ago, a survey was carried out on combat fighter pilots to find out what their greatest fears were. These were people who can land an airplane on a carrier at night, and yet consistently they said that the thing they were most afraid of was getting up in front of an audience and giving a speech. Even under the best circumstances, public speaking is one of our culture’s most feared activities. However, what if they didn’t give you any time to write the speech? Welcome to impromptu speaking. This how-to will explain how to give an impromptu speech, for even the most terrified and unwilling speaker.

What is an impromptu speech? It is any speech that must be prepared within a limited time period and then given immediately. Impromptu is most often associated with competitive public speaking, but it can show up in even the most innocuous situations. Let’s say you’re happily relaxing at your best friends wedding, polishing off your fourth margarita, when you are called upon to give a toast, right now. That is an impromptu speech. This how-to will focus mostly on the competitive aspect of limited preparation speaking, but the skills taught here apply to any situation.

The main thing running through your mind after you are handed your impromptu topic is probably along the lines of what in the world am I supposed to say about this? Perhaps some scattered impressions or ideas are called by the topic, but of course, those are nothing you could give a speech on. Think again – that is exactly what you are about to do.

Virtually any form of content can be used in an impromptu speech. Personal stories, jokes, facts, opinions — it is all fair game. The trick is to arrange them all in a way that makes sense. Your best bet is to come up with a basic main theme that interests you, and then to organize your ideas and supporting elements around that theme.

Now, get up and start talking. Even if you are shaking like a leaf inside, it is important to present an aura of confidence. Speak slowly and evenly, and make sure that the entire audience can hear you. Do your best to avoid filler words such as like and um. There is nothing wrong with a brief pause between statements.

You want to use up as much of your time as you can, but avoid rambling on and on about something that has no connection to your topic. It is better to keep it short and sweet than to lose your audience at the very end.

Above all, keep your cool. Do your best, and remember that there will always be a next time. Good luck!

Jay has been interested in family, finance and health issues for many years now.

Please visit his latest website about basement waterproofing products which helps people find the best method of waterproofing basement walls and information and pricing on all types of waterproofing products.

Up, Up and Away

Up, Up and Away

Have you flown on an airplane recently? The security lines are longer.  We are interrogated, searched and told to undress. Liquids have to be packed inside our checked in luggage or else they are confiscated. Any toiletries to be carried on the airplane must fit in a four ounce Ziploc bag. We are exhausted before we set foot on a plane.


There are similarities and differences between procedures for domestic and international air travel at US metropolitan airports.  Before we go “Up, Up, and Away”, we will provide you with information about the ticket counter, x-ray area, and the departure gate.


The Ticket Counter is the beginning of our trip where we show our identification and e-ticket. We need to adhere to the individual carrier’s baggage requirements which are up to 50 pounds per bag for domestic and international flights. In addition, the piece or pieces of luggage needs to be unlocked. Quite a number of the domestic airlines charge for luggage placed in the baggage compartment of the plane. In addition, each individual airline has its own rules governing your luggage. Arrival time recommendations vary by airline and day of travel, so check with your carrier.  Remember to give yourself adequate time to check your baggage and move through security.


The X-Ray area is our second information check point where we are either instructed to bring our luggage to an x-ray counter and watch it go through the x-ray process.  Hand luggage and personal items are x-rayed. Most carriers permit one piece of hand luggage and one personal item such as a laptop. Film should go in your carry-on bag. Do you have a gift to carry? Please do not take it wrapped.  If a security officer needs to inspect a package, he or she may have to un-wrap our gift.  If there are any specific questions, we need to contact the individual airline carrier.


We are also asked to remove our shoes, coat, suit jacket and purse and place them in one or more bins provided at the station and then put them through the x-ray machine for inspection.  We need to try to pack our coats and jackets in your checked baggage when possible. We could wear slip-on shoes. This will allow us to take them off and put them back on quickly.  We also need to remove all animals from their carrying cases and send the cases through the X-ray machine. We need to hold our pet in our arms and proceed through the metal detector.Infants and children need to be removed from baby carriers and strollers and take them through the metal detector with you.  Strollers and baby carriers go through the X-ray machine with your bags.  If possible, collapse your stroller before you get to the metal detector.  


We may also be asked to remove jewelry and coins, depending on the sensitivity of the scanning equipment. We are also required to remove our laptop from its case and lay it flat in one of the bins. We will may also have to be searched by a metal detector receive a possible pat down inspection. Items that might set off an alarm on the metal detector include:


Keys, loose change, cell phones, pagers, and personal data assistants (PDAs) or smart phones
Heavy jewelry (including pins, necklaces, bracelets, rings, watches, earrings, body piercings, cuff links, lanyards or bolo ties)
Clothing with metal buttons, snaps or studs
Metal hair barrettes or other hair decoration
Belt buckles
Under-wire bras
Head coverings and religious garments are acceptable during the screening process. You may be directed to additional screening if your headwear or clothing (religious or otherwise) is loose fitting or large enough to hide prohibited items.


There are additional TSA requirements to follow called “3-1-1” requirement which means the following: It stands for 3 ounces or less in a one quart-sized clear zip-lock bag. One bag per passenger is placed in the screening tray. The definition is the following: a 3.4 ounce bottle or less (by volume) ; 1 quart-sized, clear, plastic, zip-top bag; 1 bag per passenger placed in screening bin which limits the total liquid volume each traveler can bring. Obviously, this is a security measure. Each time TSA searches a carry-on it slows down the line.


We need to declare larger liquids. Medications, baby formula and food, and breast milk are allowed in reasonable quantities exceeding three ounces and are not required to be in the zip-top bag. We also need to declare these items for inspection at the checkpoint. Heavy travel volumes and the enhanced security process may mean longer lines at security checkpoints.  


Departure Gate identification and boarding passes are still necessary for all flights. A passport for international flights or a drivers’ license for domestic flights is required in addition to your boarding pass.  


Once we arrive to our European destination, passports are rarely checked if we remain in the terminal for other European locales. Planes don’t always drive up to the gate; we may be required to take the assigned bus transportation to our gate. The decision is dependent on available parking spaces at the hanger. Our luggage is checked through to our final destination. If we are taking another flight, we will go through hand luggage security and then show our passport before taking our flight. But, here is the caveat for international travel: Did you know that meals served on all international (non-American airlines) flights are hot and complimentary inclusive of all liquor?  In addition, most international airlines have individual, integrated entertainment seen on a TV monitor.  


I am led to each checkpoint with friendly personnel at the Los Angeles International Airport, but, I noticed that there is no consistency with the rules and regulations for each carrier. In addition, safety enforcements increase or decrease depending on our security status. I have noticed, though that the international airports have less security especially while traveling within the European community (EU).  


Hopefully, travel information will now be more comprehensible. “Up, Up, and Away” should have provided you with information about the ticket counter, x-ray area, and the departure gate.


Roberta Mark Engel

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Tinnitus Pressure In Ear – Constant Ear Pressure Might Be A Sign Of Tinnitus

Tinnitus Pressure In Ear – Constant Ear Pressure Might Be A Sign Of Tinnitus
Tinnitus Pressure In Ear

Travelling on an airplane or going into scuba diving activities always has some kind of effect on our bodies, especially if it is rather your first time. These two activities somehow have an effect on the bodily pressure. Isn’t it that after you land when riding an airplane, you somehow feel that your ear is stuffy? That is the pressure working into your ears. However, if you feel that the constant ear pressure is coupled with ear ringing noises, then there probably is something wrong and is definitely worth checking out.

There are probably many explanations or diagnosis out there regarding having to experience a pressure in the ear. One of which is probably tinnitus. Tinnitus is a hearing disorder where the patient experiences hearing noises that are perceived in the absence of any external noise source. If your ear pressure seems to be coupled with a ringing sound in your ears, then tinnitus is probably the diagnosis. However, it is not advisable to jump into conclusions, let us further delve into the details of tinnitus. Tinnitus Pressure In Ear

It has been estimated that 1 out of every 5 people experience some degree of tinnitus. The degree of sensation however varies. Tinnitus is further classified into two forms, objective and subjective.

Objective tinnitus is the rarer form of tinnitus. It consists of head noises that can also be heard by other people. The noises are usually caused by irregularities or abnormalities in the vascular or muscle functions. This kind of tinnitus is an example wherein the examiner can hear the sounds that the patient can hear through the use of a stethoscope. Objective tinnitus is just one of the symptoms that underlying disorders like TMJ have. For example, in TMJ, the patient has objective tinnitus, and with this also experiences a sensation of pressure in the ears.

Subjective tinnitus on the other hand is the more common kind. The sounds that are being heard by the patient here cannot be heard by other persons since it is an internal ear sound. It is an irregularity or dysfunction with the auditory nerves.

Having ear pressure coming from tinnitus may be due to underlying symptoms. To be on the safe side, it is advisable to see a medical specialist. Tinnitus Pressure In Ear

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Holiday Flights-booking And Budgeting

Holiday Flights-booking And Budgeting
When you think of holiday flights, you probably think of a nice big, comfy airplane. However, if you add cheap to the front of that phrase, you probably have an image of Ron Whites airplane routine, including when a man inquires How far will one engine take us? All the way to the scene of the crash However, this is far from the truth.

First of all, get a travel agent. You may not realize it, but a travel agent can make it a lot easier and a lot more convenient to book a flight. They can also point you in the right direction for flights that will take you exactly where you want to go, rather than having to take an extremely long round trip flight. However, you may find that you will have to take a longer flighteither way, its a lot better than not being able to go anywhere at all.

Next, start saving. You may not realize it, but if you start saving as soon as you have an idea of the price of a vacation, when you are finally ready to go, it can be a lot easier to just get up and go. You dont have to shell out a whole paycheck all at onceyou can save up to a whole paycheckor even more and THEN be able to pay all that you want right then and their!

However, you need to keep a few things in mind when budgeting.

First of all, dont start off with whatever you have left overyou need to build up to what you might spend when it comes to holiday flights and vacation in general. Keep in mind that you may end up spending a lot more. However, make sure that you have at least a nice little nest egg before you finally DO book your holiday flights.

Next, see if you can get a discount for booking early. You may not realize it, but many people, companies, things in general, are discounted if you only make sure to book early.

Make sure that you have a good idea of how much money you are going to spend on your whole vacation, when you book your holiday flights. You can get a few vacation deals including all inclusive vacation deals, but you need to make sure that these are really what you want when it comes to money and other things.

The last thing that you need to remember is to do research. Sure, you may feel that you have found the absolute best travel company ever, even if you just found them, but you may later find out that the company that you picked was much less than amicable. The point is to make sure that you have a good company helping you to book your holiday flights.

With that in mind, make sure to also pack emergency money. You never know when youll need a few extra dollars to get you out of a hole.

Book Cheap Holidays online, Cheap holiday deals, bargain last-minute holiday discounts. For more details visit http://www.cheapholidays.org

Welding 4130 Steel Tubing – Tig Welding Chromoly Up in Here

Welding 4130 Steel Tubing – Tig Welding Chromoly Up in Here

4130 Chromoly tubing is used for all kinds of applications, but 2 of the main ones are for airplanes and for racing just about anything from motorcycles, to mountain bikes, to go-carts.

AISI 4130 tubing is strong. It’s real strong. So the reason it is so popular among race car and airplane builders can use thinner tubing and that translates into speed and less weight.

Welding 4130 steel tubing is not that hard. There seems to be some mystique around it but it actually welds better than plain carbon steel.

So then whats all the fuss about?  Well there is one thing. If it cools too quickly, 4130 chromoly tubing will be hard and brittle in the heat affected zone of the weld.

Thats the main thing to be concerned about. So how do you prevent the weld area from cooling too quickly?

Make sure the ambient temperature is above 60 degrees F.
Use a small propane torch to preheat weld area to about 100-150 F. 300 degrees F if room air is below 60 degrees.
Weld a little bit slower than you would for plain carbon steel.
Dont use 4130 tig welding rods. Use E70S2.
Never speed cool anything.

Some frequently asked questions about tig welding 4130 steel tubing are:

Q. Do I need to heat treat the weld when I am done welding?

A. No, the term heat treat is often misused. What is usually meant when it comes to welding chromoly is “stress relief”. A stress relief can be done with an oxyfuel torch and a 900 degree F temp stick or a digital pyrometer. But it is usually unnecessary unless the thickness exceeds one eighth inch.

Q. Do I need to back purge my Chromoly welds with argon gas?

A. It always helps, but think about how many oxy acetylene welds there are out there doing fine that were done with no purge.

Q. What about using 308 stainless for welding chromoly?

A. there is a bunch of discussion on Baja Racing forums on this subject. I can tell you that lots of welders are using er308 tig welding rod with success, but for airplanes, E70S2 is the way to go.  One thing that might not occur to you that you should consider is that if you ever needed to weld repair something and all you had was a gas welding torch, the E70s2 would be easily welded over with an oxyfuel rig.  The 308 stainless welds? Not so much.

Jody Collier’s web articles on subjects like Welding 4130 chromoly are full of Down and Dirty welding tips. For TIG, MIG, STICK welding along with a pantload of other welding info, visit http://www.weldingtipsandtricks.com/